Facet Joint Syndrome
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What is it?
This condition is a degeneration of the facet joints, which connect the vertebrae, or bones of the spine. Facet joints are designed to support your spine, allowing you to bend and twist your body, without your back slipping too far forward or twisting excessively. Nerve roots supply the facet joints. To allow the vertebrae to glide smoothly, the facet joints are lined with cartilage and synovium, a capsule of connective tissue that provides lubrication for the joints.
What are the symptoms of Facet Joint Syndrome?
What causes Facet Joint Syndrome?
Facet joints are prone to arthritis, which can spur an inflammatory cascade. The cartilage around the facet joints can wear away, making it harder for the vertebrae to glide smoothly as normal. This makes it harder for the spine to bend and twist properly which, in addition to limited mobility, can also cause pain by triggering any nerve endings that are nearby. The cartilage around the facet joints can wear away naturally, although every individual experiences this to a different degree. External factors, such as injury, obesity, overuse of joints, Family history or poor posture can also contribute to the degeneration of facet joints.